CHARIOT: A Holistic, Goal Driven Orchestration Solution for Resilient IoT Applications

TitleCHARIOT: A Holistic, Goal Driven Orchestration Solution for Resilient IoT Applications
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsPradhan, S., A. Dubey, S. Khare, S. Nannapaneni, A. Gokhale, S. Mahadevan, D. C. Schmidt, and M. Lehofer
Refereed DesignationRefereed
JournalACM Transactions on Cyber-Physical Systems
Abstract

An emerging trend in Internet of Things (IoT) applications is to move the computation (cyber) closer to the source of the data (physical). This paradigm is often referred to as edge computing. If edge resources are pooled together they can be used as decentralized shared resources for IoT applications, providing increased capacity to scale up computations and minimize end-to-end latency. Managing applications on these edge resources is hard, however, due to their remote, distributed, and possibly dynamic nature, which necessitates autonomous management mechanisms that facilitate application deployment, failure avoidance, failure management, and incremental updates. To address these needs, we present CHARIOT, which is an orchestration middleware capable of autonomously managing IoT systems consisting of edge resources and applications. CHARIOT implements a three-layer architecture. The topmost layer comprises a system description language; the middle layer comprises a persistent data storage layer and the corresponding schema to store system information; and the bottom layer comprises a management engine, which uses information stored persistently to formulate constraints that encode system properties and requirements thereby enabling the use of Satisfiability Modulo Theories (SMT) solvers to compute optimal system (re)configurations dynamically at runtime. This paper describes the structure and functionality of CHARIOT and evaluates its efficacy as the basis for a smart parking system case study that uses sensors to manage parking spaces.

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