DxNAT - Deep Neural Networks for Explaining Non-Recurring Traffic Congestion

TitleDxNAT - Deep Neural Networks for Explaining Non-Recurring Traffic Congestion
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsSun, F., A. Dubey, and J. White
Refereed DesignationRefereed
Conference NameIEEE Big Data
Date Published12/2017

Non-recurring traffic congestion is caused by temporary disruptions, such as accidents, sports games, adverse weather, etc. We use data related to real-time traffic speed, jam factors (a traffic congestion indicator), and events collected over a year from Nashville, TN to train a multi-layered deep neural network. The traffic dataset contains over 900 million data records. The network is thereafter used to classify the real-time data and identify anomalous operations. Compared with traditional approaches of using statistical or machine learning techniques, our model reaches an accuracy of 98.73 percentage when identifying traffic congestion caused by football games. Our approach first encodes the traffic across a region as a scaled image. After that the image data from different timestamps is fused with event- and time-related data. Then a crossover operator is used as a data augmentation method to generate training datasets with more balanced classes. Finally, we use the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis to tune the sensitivity of the classifier. We present the analysis of the training time and the inference time separately.