SpeedPro: A Predictive Multi-Model Approach for Urban Traffic Speed Estimation

TitleSpeedPro: A Predictive Multi-Model Approach for Urban Traffic Speed Estimation
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsSamal, C., F. Sun, and A. Dubey
Conference NameSecond IEEE Workshop on Smart Service Systems (SmartSys 2017)
Date Publishedmay
Conference LocationHong Kong, China

Data generated by GPS-equipped probe vehicles, especially public transit vehicles can be a reliable source for traffic speed estimation. Traditionally, this estimation is done by learning the parameters of a model that describes the relationship between the speed of the probe vehicle and the actual traffic speed. However, such approaches typically suffer from data sparsity issues. Furthermore, most state of the art approaches does not consider the effect of weather and the driver of the probe vehicle on the parameters of the learned model. In this paper, we describe a multivariate predictive multi-model approach called SpeedPro that (a) first identifies similar clusters of operation from the historic data that includes the real-time position of the probe vehicle, the weather data, and anonymized driver identifier, and then (b) uses these different models to estimate the traffic speed in real-time as a function of current weather, driver and probe vehicle speed. When the real-time information is not available our approach uses a different model that uses the historical weather and traffic information for estimation. Our results show that the purely historical data is less accurate than the model that uses the real-time information.

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